Yunnan is a multi-ethnic province, with 26 ethnic groups and 25 ethnic minorities. Each ethnic group has its own characteristics. As the saying goes, one place has one scenery, one ethnic group has one custom, and each ethnic group has its own architectural style. It is quite special to integrate one’s own wisdom into every grass and every tree in the building.
The Bai people mainly live in Dali Prefecture, Yunnan Province. “Three squares, one wall and four patios” is the architectural feature of Bai people’s dwellings, and it is also the most common and common architectural form in Bai people’s dwellings. The wall of the house reflects the status and wealth of the head of the household. .
Because the Bai nationality advocates white, most of the dwellings are mainly white, with painting decoration and exquisite carvings, showing the magnificent and simple and elegant architectural style of the Bai nationality dwellings.
Hani, Yi people
The Tuzhang House is a traditional dwelling of the Hani and Yi nationalities. It has a history of more than 500 years. The houses are layered on top of each other and connected. From a distance, it is very spectacular. The Tuzhang House is mainly built with stone, adobe, wood and straw. , known as the “living fossil” in the history of residential architecture.
The soil palm house is warm in winter and cool in summer. It is also fireproof and protected from foreign enemies. Clothes are easy to dry. It is comfortable and practical to live in, and the atmosphere of life is also very strong.
Jingpo and Dai people
The dwellings of Jingpo and Dai people are mostly bamboo buildings. This kind of building is called “dry column” building. It is mainly built with bamboo and is the main building of Dai and Jingpo people. Since the area of the building is a flat dam with abundant rainfall for a long time, it is easy to cause floods, so the ground floor of the bamboo building is suspended from the ground. There are gaps in the bamboo building throughout the body, so the ventilation effect is good, warm in winter and cool in summer.
Living in such a bamboo building in summer, blowing the cool wind, smelling the faint fragrance of bamboo, listening to the crunching sound of bamboo from the bamboo building when walking, no amount of troubles will disappear.
Naxi and Lisu people
The wooden house is a representative building of the Naxi and Lisu nationalities. It is called a “well-dry” building. The house is built with round logs. The length of the wood is the same. Cow dung or soil is smeared in the gaps of the wood to avoid the wind and cold, and the roof is covered with tiles and then pressed with stones. The main frame of such a building pattern is firm and plays a very good role in earthquake resistance.
The Wa people mainly live on the banks of the Lancang River in Yunnan. The undulating mountains along the river belong to the subtropical climate. They are foggy all year round, with high humidity and abundant rainfall. Therefore, the local dwellings have formed the characteristics of moisture-proof according to the climatic conditions.
The dwellings of the Wa people are the folk architectures of the Wa people. The houses have different shapes, but most of them are buildings with grass and wood structures. The surrounding of the houses is made of wood. People live upstairs and livestock are raised downstairs. Made of sloping shape for easy drainage in rainy days.
Tibetan houses in Yunnan are almost wooden buildings. The building is a three-story structure. The lowest floor is the place for raising livestock and stacking sundries. The second floor is the living room and bedroom, and the third floor is the attic, which is used for drying grains. and a place to store hay. Due to the abundant rainfall in summer in Tibetan areas in Yunnan, different from Tibetan dwellings, the houses are of sloping roof structure. Because of the large temperature difference here, tiles cannot be used as roofs, so the roofs are made of wood.
The Buddhist halls in Tibetan dwellings are used to worship the gods.
Tibetans believe in Tibetan Buddhism, and the prayer flags at the gates of the houses flutter with the wind. These prayer flags are replaced every year on the first day of the new year. They believe that the wind can bring blessings to the sky and convey to the gods.
In addition, there are many similar dwellings of ethnic minorities. These buildings embody the wisdom and diligence of the people of all ethnic groups and are a rare cultural heritage in Yunnan